Route 5

CALDES D’ESTRAC / SANT VICENÇ DE MONTALT / SANT ANDREU DE LLAVANERES

1. Fundació Palau

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Fundació Palau

Carrer de La Riera, 54, Caldes d’Estrac
GPS: 41.57114, 2.5276

Here you will find a large collection of works by Picasso and other contemporary authors as well as an exhibition of Catalan paintings and sculptures from the early 20th century.

All thanks to Josep Palau and Fabre, writer and specialist in the life and work of Pablo Picasso (he was a personal friend), because the one at the museum is part of his art collection.

Find out about the large amount of things you can do!

Activity
Activity

Dibuixa la teva família a l’estil picassià.

2. Les aigües termals

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Aigües termals

Carrer de La Riera, 29, Caldes d’Estrac
GPS: 41.57238, 2.52783

Have you ever seen a natural source of hot water?

It is water that has passed through hot rocks from the depths of the earth and in Caldes we have one.

This hot spring of mineral-medicinal waters has always been the main attraction of the village: Romans (who called it Aquae Calidae), Arabs and people of all ages and cultures have come to “have the water” to improve their health, which means drinking and bathing in it. And you, will you give it a try?

Riddle icon
Riddle

Visit the thermal spring. At what temperature does the water come out?

Did you know?
Did you know?

The giants of Caldes, Busquets and Fatima, are from a myth that has to do with the hot springs.

Info
Info

Thermal waters

The history of thermalism in Caldes is directly linked to the history of the town and goes back to 1219 when, around the thermal spring, a small hospital convent was built to enjoy the curative properties of the water.
From the times of the Romans, who called it Aquae Calidae- to later in the hands of the Arabs, the waters of Caldes have attracted people from all periods and cultures for their healthy properties. No evidence has been found of the existence of the thermal baths any time before that, but one can assume it was already well known.

The closest historical reference to the thermal village we know of today dates back to 1820, when the Public Baths and Caldes d’Estrac were remodelled into a modern, highly prestigious establishment.

The inauguration of the railway, in 1848, between Barcelona and Mataró, which reached Arenys de Mar 9 years later, gave them a notable boost: according to the Local Historical Fund, 72,026 travellers used the new line in 1857. Two decades later, Caldes d’Estrac had become one of the most important summer resorts in the country.

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Les aigües termals
Info
Info

The Legend of Busquets and Fàtima

Busquets and Fátima, giants of Caldes, represent two old legend characters related to the thermal waters.

Leonor was a beautiful girl from the village who was captured by the Moors and given to Prince Zeira as a gift. After some time, Leonor was entrusted with the protection of Princess Fatima, who suffered from lepra, a disease that affects skin and bones.

Wise men and doctors could not cure her and the princess got worse. Then, maid Leonor recommended her to go to the thermal baths of her beloved city of Caldes, so they moved there and lived in a tower on the outskirts of the town, known as the “Tower of the Enchanted” due to their mysterious and secret daily expeditions to the thermal baths.

The treatment was a success and, shortly after, the princess was healed and to express her gratitude she granted Leonor freedom. The princess became so happy and full of life that soon she fell in love with Busquets, a distinguished citizen of Caldes, with whom a few years later she had children.

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La Fàtima i en Busquets

3. Parc dels Germans Gabrielistes

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Parc dels germans Gabrielistres

Parc dels Germans Gabrielistes, Sant Vicenç de Montalt
GPS: 41.5680, 2.51446

It is a huge garden with centennial trees, many from Africa, Asia and Australia, carried by the friars of the Gabrielist convents of those continents.

Go up the hill! It is a natural lookout point with a lake and the watchtower of the Baron of Can Valls (18th century). Come near the wall and look up at the crown that sticks out. Do you see any holes? These are machicolations.

Did you know?
Did you know?

Machicolations are defensive elements: through their holes they threw stones, burning material or other types of projectiles at the enemy.

4. Església de Sant Vicenç

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Esglèsia de Sant Vicenç

Plaça de l’Església, 2, Sant Vicenç de Montalt
GPS: 41.5680, 2.51446

Built in the late sixteenth century, it has fortifications and defensive elements at the main facade, can you see them?

Take a good look at its walls and find the “treasure” embedded in them.

Treasure
Treasure

It’s where a Civil War bomb was removed that didn’t go off. Did you find it? Then take a picture of it.

Did you know?
Did you know?

The inhabitants of Sant Vicenç are also known as “xurravins”, name of a small, nervous little bird from these vineyard lands! What an honor!

5. Rocs de Sant Magí

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Rocs de Sant Magí

Avinguda Supermaresme s/n, Sant Andreu de Llavaneres
GPS: 41.59176, 2.49302

These stones are older than me!

These are enormous granite rocks that, leaning on each other, form a set of caves and corridors, with which the Neolithic humans (4000 BC) used to make huts. Remains of a dry stone wall can still be seen.

What fun the prehistoric children must have had in this natural labyrinth!

Riddle icon
Riddle

The green pearl of the Maresme is cultivated in Llavaneres and neighbouring villages. Do you know what it is?

Info
Info

Rocs Sant Magí

The first excavations were carried out in 1966 by a group of scholars from the Mataró Museum. In 1986 a campaign of excavations found some fragments of undecorated ceramics with thin walls, some other ceramic fragments decorated with the printing of embossed cords and finally a fragment of flint shrapnel.

One of the characteristics of this site is the existence of wall fragments, between the large blocks of granite stone, which form a kind of wall. This feature is not very common in sites from this period.

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Rocs de Sant Magí

6. Museu arxiu de Llavaneres

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Museu arxiu de Llavaneres

Carretera de Sant Vicenç de Montalt, 14, Sant Andreu de Llavaneres
GPS: 41.5719, 2.48716

It is quite interesting because of its varied collections. You can see old country and home furnishings; radios, cameras and projectors from the late 19th century; and, of course, many paintings and sculptures.

And the house is beautiful both inside and outside: an 18th century farmhouse that Josep de Caralt i Argila transformed into a stately home.

Treasure
Treasure

I give you the recipe for our beloved culinary treasure: the coca de Llavaneres (A type of cake). Do you dare to make it at home?

Info
Info

Coca de Llavaneres

Coca de Llavaneres is a pastry certified with a seal of quality guarantee. It is the finest dessert among the Llavaneres local gastronomy.
It is made of a puff pastry filled with cream and marzipan (made with local almonds) and covered with pine nuts (also local) and topped up with sugar. Its shape is generally rectangular and not excessively thick (usually not more than 2 cm thick).

This type of cake is exclusively made by artisan bakeries located within the town of Sant Andreu de Llavaneres.

Recipe (Fundació Alícia)

Ingredients

  • 2 sheets of puff pastry
  • 3 egg whites
  • 20 gr ground almonds
  • 500 gr of pastry cream
  • Pine nuts
  • Spread sugar

Preparation

  1. Spread a sheet of puff pastry with the roller and flatten it very thinly.
  2. Place the puff sheet on a baking sheet with baking paper.
  3. Prick the puff pastry with a fork all over the surface.
  4. Put a good layer of pastry cream on top and flatten it well, trying not to reach the edges.
  5. Flatten the other sheet and put it on top of the pastry cream.
  6. Using a knife, cut off the excess sides so that it remains straight.
  7. Pinch on top.
  8. Whip the egg whites until they are stiff, adding a pinch of salt to help with the whipping.
  9. With a trowel distribute the prepared whites and flatten it.
  10. Add the almonds on top, spreading them evenly; add the pine nuts and sprinkle abundantly with sugar.
  11. With a knife, close the corners of the cake so that the pastry cream does not come out.
  12. Preheat the oven to 200 ºC and let it cook for about 30 minutes (depending on the oven).
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La coca de Llavaneres